Health Inequalities

Health inequalities are avoidable, unfair and systematic differences in health between different groups of people.

See: The King's Fund. Health inequalities in a nutshell (2021)

See: NHS England Definitions for Health Inequalities


NG44 Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (2016)

NHS England 

Menu of evidence-based interventions and approaches for addressing and reducing health inequalities

NHS Confederation

Briefing: Tackling health inequalities: sharing learning to make rapid progress (2020)

Report: Health inequalities: time to act (2020)

Health Creation Alliance

Primary Care Networks and place-based working: addressing health inequalities in a COVID-19 world - A partner's perspective (2021)

Health Creation: How can Primary Care Networks succeed in reducing health inequalities? (2021)

NHS Providers
Framework: Reducing Health Inequalities Associated with Covid-19 (2020)

Public Health England

Beyond the data : understanding the impact of Covid-19 on BAME groups (2020)

Good Things Foundation
Health inequalities and digital exclusion

Health Education England

Centre for Mental Health

Covid-19 : understanding inequalities in mental health during the pandemic (2020)


Health inequalities

RCGP Increasing uptake of vaccinations for vulnerable groups of patients (2021)

eLfH Health Literacy

The Health Foundation Podcast Episode 11: We are what we eat: Food, health and inequality – with Anna Taylor and Sarah Hickey (2021)

MIMS Learning Health inequalities in primary care

FairHealth (Charity that offers education and training to health professionals to reduce health inequalities)

Patient Safety Learning Health inequalities

Social determinants of Health: professional development course:

Outreach Library Service can identify, collate, and summarise evidence for you, to inform your clinical practice, patient pathways and professional development. Library & Knowledge Services

NHS website

Good Things Foundation Learn My Way (free digital skills courses)

Public Health England

Public Health Outcomes Framework

Atlas of Variation

Wider Determinants of Health

Inequality Tools

Collection - Health matters: public health issues

Collection - All Our Health: personalised care and population health (updated 2021)

Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities (2019; updated 2021)

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Socioeconomic inequalities in avoidable mortality, England and Wales: 2001 to 2017

Updating ethnic contrasts in deaths involving the coronavirus (COVID-19), England: 24 January 2020 to 31 March 2021

Institute of Health Equity

Build Back Fairer: The COVID-19 Marmot Review (2020)

Marmot Review 10 Years On (2020)

King's Fund

Our work on health inequalities and access to care for different groups in society

Tackling multiple unhealthy risk factors: emerging lessons from practice (2018)

What is happening to life expectancy in England? (2021)

My role in tackling health inequalities: a framework for allied health professionals (2021)

All Party Parliamentary Group for Longevity
Levelling Up Health (2021)

The Health Foundation

Evidence hub: What drives health inequalities?

'Levelling up' general practice in England : what should government prioritise? (2021)

Living in poverty was bad for your health long before COVID-19 (2020)