Health Inequalities

Health inequalities are avoidable, unfair and systematic differences in health between different groups of people.

See: The King's Fund. Health inequalities in a nutshell (2021) https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/projects/nhs-in-a-nutshell/health-inequalities

See: NHS England Definitions for Health Inequalities https://www.england.nhs.uk/ltphimenu/definitions-for-health-inequalities/

NICE

NG44 Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (2016) https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng44

NHS England 

Menu of evidence-based interventions and approaches for addressing and reducing health inequalities https://www.england.nhs.uk/ltphimenu/

NHS Confederation

Briefing: Tackling health inequalities: sharing learning to make rapid progress (2020) https://www.nhsconfed.org/publications/tackling-health-inequalities

Report: Health inequalities: time to act (2020) https://www.nhsconfed.org/publications/health-inequalities-time-act

Health Creation Alliance

Primary Care Networks and place-based working: addressing health inequalities in a COVID-19 world - A partner's perspective (2021) 

https://thehealthcreationalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/PCNs-and-place-based-working-_addressing-health-inequalities-in-a-COVID-19-world_FINAL_1-April-2021.pdf

Health Creation: How can Primary Care Networks succeed in reducing health inequalities? (2021) https://thehealthcreationalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/PCNs-workshop-series-report-FINAL-_-2-February-2021-.pdf

NHS Providers
Framework: Reducing Health Inequalities Associated with Covid-19 (2020) https://nhsproviders.org/reducing-health-inequalities-associated-with-covid-19

Public Health England

Beyond the data : understanding the impact of Covid-19 on BAME groups (2020) 

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-understanding-the-impact-on-bame-communities

Good Things Foundation
Health inequalities and digital exclusion https://www.goodthingsfoundation.org/what-we-do/news/health-inequalities-and-digital-exclusion/

Health Education England

https://www.hee.nhs.uk/our-work/population-health/training-educational-resources

Centre for Mental Health

Covid-19 : understanding inequalities in mental health during the pandemic (2020) https://www.centreformentalhealth.org.uk/news/covid-19-could-widen-mental-health-inequalities-generation-says-centre-mental-health-report

RCGP

Health inequalities https://www.rcgp.org.uk/policy/rcgp-policy-areas/health-inequalities.aspx

RCGP Increasing uptake of vaccinations for vulnerable groups of patients (2021)  

https://elearning.rcgp.org.uk/mod/page/view.php?id=11930

eLfH Health Literacy https://www.e-lfh.org.uk/programmes/health-literacy/

The Health Foundation Podcast Episode 11: We are what we eat: Food, health and inequality – with Anna Taylor and Sarah Hickey (2021) https://www.health.org.uk/news-and-comment/podcast/episode-11-we-are-what-we-eat-food-health-inequality

MIMS Learning Health inequalities in primary care https://www.mimslearning.co.uk/courses/health-inequalities-in-primary-care

FairHealth (Charity that offers education and training to health professionals to reduce health inequalities) https://www.fairhealth.org.uk/

Patient Safety Learning Health inequalities https://www.pslhub.org/learn/improving-patient-safety/health-inequalities/

Social determinants of Health: professional development course: https://www.city.ac.uk/prospective-students/courses/professional-development/social-determinants-of-health

Outreach Library Service can identify, collate, and summarise evidence for you, to inform your clinical practice, patient pathways and professional development. Library & Knowledge Services

NHS website https://www.nhs.uk/

Good Things Foundation Learn My Way (free digital skills courses) 

https://www.goodthingsfoundation.org/learn/learn-my-way/

Public Health England

Public Health Outcomes Framework https://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/public-health-outcomes-framework

Atlas of Variation https://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/atlas-of-variation

Wider Determinants of Health https://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/wider-determinants

Inequality Tools https://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/inequality-tools

Collection - Health matters: public health issues https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/health-matters-public-health-issues

Collection - All Our Health: personalised care and population health (updated 2021) 

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/all-our-health-personalised-care-and-population-health

Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities (2019; updated 2021) https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/health-inequalities-place-based-approaches-to-reduce-inequalities

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Socioeconomic inequalities in avoidable mortality, England and Wales: 2001 to 2017 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/causesofdeath/articles/measuringsocioeconomicinequalitiesinavoidablemortalityinenglandandwales/2001to2017

Updating ethnic contrasts in deaths involving the coronavirus (COVID-19), England: 24 January 2020 to 31 March 2021 

https://www.ons.gov.uk/releases/updatingethniccontrastsindeathsinvolvingthecoronaviruscovid19englanddeathsoccurring24january2020to31march2021

Institute of Health Equity

Build Back Fairer: The COVID-19 Marmot Review (2020) https://www.instituteofhealthequity.org/resources-reports/build-back-fairer-the-covid-19-marmot-review

Marmot Review 10 Years On (2020) https://www.instituteofhealthequity.org/resources-reports/marmot-review-10-years-on

King's Fund

Our work on health inequalities and access to care for different groups in society https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/topics/health-inequalities

Tackling multiple unhealthy risk factors: emerging lessons from practice (2018) https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/tackling-multiple-unhealthy-risk-factors

What is happening to life expectancy in England? (2021) https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/whats-happening-life-expectancy-england

My role in tackling health inequalities: a framework for allied health professionals (2021) https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/tackling-health-inequalities-framework-allied-health-professionals

All Party Parliamentary Group for Longevity
Levelling Up Health (2021) https://appg-longevity.org/events-publications

The Health Foundation

Evidence hub: What drives health inequalities? https://www.health.org.uk/evidence-hub

'Levelling up' general practice in England : what should government prioritise? (2021) https://www.health.org.uk/publications/long-reads/levelling-up-general-practice-in-england

Living in poverty was bad for your health long before COVID-19 (2020) https://www.health.org.uk/publications/long-reads/living-in-poverty-was-bad-for-your-health-long-before-COVID-19