Diabetes is a chronic health condition characterized by hyperglycaemia due to the lack of insulin or the body’s inability to insulin. The high blood sugars, if left untreated can lead to several complications. There are two main kinds of Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. The other kinds are Gestational Diabetes, MODY and LADA. Diabetes can be steroid induced, secondary to endocrinopathies and pancreatic problems. Type 2 diabetes accounts for around 90% and rarer forms of diabetes are 2%.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus consists of an array of dysfunctions resulting from the combination of resistance to insulin action, inadequate insulin secretion, and excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion


  • The prevalence of Diabetes is 7.1% in England, 6.2 % in East Surrey, 5% in Guildford & Waverley, 5.5% in Surrey Downs & 6.3% in North West Surrey
  • The estimated prevalence of undiagnosed & diagnosed Diabetes is 8.5% in England, 7.6% in East Surrey, 7.1% in Guildford & Waverley, 7.7% in Surrey Downs in & 7.7% in North West Surrey
  • 9 million in the UK are living with Diabetes and 850,000 remain undiagnosed.
  • Estimated prevalence of people with increased risk of diabetes is 11.4% in England, 11.1% in East Surrey, 11% in Guildford & Waverley, 11.9% in Surrey Downs & 11.2 in North West Surrey
  • By 2030, 5.5 million people in the UK are likely to develop Diabetes.

Surrey Prescribing Advisory Database (PAD)

The PAD is an innovative resource which can be accessed by healthcare professionals in primary and secondary care and by patients. The PAD provides guidance and key information on medicines use within Surrey. https://surreyccg.res-systems.net/PAD/


Diabetes overview https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/conditions-and-diseases/diabetes-and-other-endocrinal--nutritional-and-metabolic-conditions/diabetes

NG17 Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng17

NG3 Diabetes in pregnancy: management from preconception to the postnatal period https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng3

NG18 Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng18

NG19 Diabetic foot problems: prevention and management https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng19

Clinical Knowledge Summaries (CKS)

Diabetes - type 1 https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/diabetes-type-1/

Insulin therapy in type 1 diabetes https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/insulin-therapy-in-type-1-diabetes/

Diabetes - type 2 https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/diabetes-type-2/

Insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes https://cks.nice.org.uk/topics/insulin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes/


Assessment of the Patient with Established Diabetes https://patient.info/doctor/assessment-of-the-patient-with-established-diabetes

Antihyperglycaemic Agents used for Type 2 Diabetes https://patient.info/doctor/antihyperglycaemic-agents-used-for-type-2-diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus https://patient.info/diabetes/diabetes-mellitus-leaflet

NICE Talks Podcast

Diabetes and weight loss, how do we get it right? https://soundcloud.com/nicecomms/diabetes-and-weight-loss-how-do-we-get-it-right

  • Type 2 diabetes prevention with Pav Kalsi, clinical adviser from Diabetes UK.
  • Debunks some lifestyle tips and explains some of the NICE recommendations for prevention.
  • Di, patient expert from NICE, shares their personal experiences.

Weight Management and Prevention

Obesity Programme: https://www.e-lfh.org.uk/programmes/obesity/

Public Health England’s Let’s Talk About Weight: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/adult-weight-management-a-guide-to-brief-interventions

NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP): https://www.england.nhs.uk/diabetes/diabetes-prevention/



Other useful links:

Primary Care Diabetes Society: https://www.pcdsociety.org/

Diabetes Uk: https://www.diabetes.org.uk/professionals

SIGN: https://www.sign.ac.uk/our-guidelines/pharmacological-management-of-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes/

Diabetes UK - How to deliver best practice in diabetes care across primary care networks https://www.diabetes.org.uk/professionals/resources/shared-practice/primary-and-community-care/pcn-delivery-of-care Provides recommendations on the development of diabetes care delivery at the PCN level, aimed at supporting diabetes care delivery in the new PCNs (April 2021).

NHS RightCare - Diabetes Pathway https://www.england.nhs.uk/rightcare/products/pathways/diabetes-pathway/

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)

Collection: Diabetes (2020) https://evidence.nihr.ac.uk/collection/diabetes/

Click here to view and book STH education & training for:

  • Diabetes for HCAs
  • Diabetes for Multiprofessionals
  • Diabetes foot check

RCGP: https://elearning.rcgp.org.uk/course/search.php?search=DIABETES

E-lfh: https://portal.e-lfh.org.uk/

University Modules:


Please contact the Training Hub if you would like to discuss funding options.

Diabetes Forum / Action Learning Sets for your ICP -Please see the Surrey Training Hub training calendar for dates in your area

Outreach library service can identify, collate, and summarise evidence for you, to inform your clinical practice and patient pathways  https://future.nhs.uk/surreyheartlands/view?objectID=26431600

LCS/Pathways/Enhanced Service Spec